Batik originated from the Javanese "amba", meaning to write and "titik" means point. Word batik refers to fabric with a pattern generated by the material "night" which is applied to the fabric to resist the entry of dye. From the time of the Hindu Mataram kingdom until the entry of religion for religion to Java, since the arrival of Indian traders, Chinese, Arabic, which is then followed by the traders from Europe, since the establishment of the Islamic Mataram kingdom in journey bring Keraton
Yogyakarta and Surakarta, batik has come with a style and color that can describe the time and environment that gave birth.
Batik is historically derived from ancestors, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still
dominated by forms of animals and plants. In the history of the development of batik have evolved, namely from painting motifs of animals and plants gradually turn to the abstract Motik that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang beber and so forth. White fabric that is used were handmade.
Medium coloring materials used consist of plants native to Indonesia who made himself among others of the noni tree, tall, soga, indigo, and soda materials were made from ash soda, as well as salts made from mud. Batik craft, in Indonesia has been known since the time of Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow until the next kingdom. The start spreading this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early
Produced batik batik is all until the early twentieth century. And printed batik is known only after the world war was over unity or around 1920. Batik art is art image on the fabric for clothing that was one of the family culture of Indonesian kings of old. Initially batik is done only limited in the palace alone and proceeds to dress the king and family and his followers. Therefore, many followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by them out palace and worked in their respective places.